|Costa Rica / Viajes / Parques Nacionales
|Informacion de Parques Nacionales
|Parques Nacionales de Costa Rica - in spanish
|Parques Nacionales de Costa Rica
Descripcion y fotos de 32 parques y reservas biologicas
|Destino Costa Rica Informacion general, parques naturales y volcanes
|Costa Rican National Parks Location Map - index of all the country's parks. Provides a map as well as a small blurb of each location.
|National Parks of Costa Rica
|Cabo Blanco National Park - includes activities, day trips, and travel services.
|Volcanes de Costa Rica
National Monument |
Location : It is to be found in the slopes of the Turrialba
Volcano, in the province of Cartago, 19 Km. Northeast of the
city of Turrialba. Importance: It is the country's
most important and the largest archeological sight discovered
Location: It is located in the country's Northern Region, in the Northern sector of the Tilaran mountain range.
Importance: It is an refilling area whose waters drain
the Arenal reservoir and are later used in the production
of hydroelectric energy, and in the agricultural projects
of the Moracia irrigation district.
Honda National Park
Location: The Barra Honda Park is located in Guanacaste
Province, 22 Km. Northeast of the city of Nicoya. Importance:
It posses an extensive system of caves all independent one
from the other: Nineteen of them have been explored up to
Carrillo National Park
Location: Located in the Central Volcanic range, to
the Northeast of the Central Valley. It includes the Barva
Volcano, the Bajo de Hondura and the Cacho Negro Peak. Importance:
This park is located in one of the country's most rugged
areas. Most of the landscape is made up of tall mountains
densely covered with forest and crisscrossed by countless
crystalline rivers. In it lie two dormant volcanoes: Cacho
Negro and Barva.
|Cahuita National Park|
Location: This most popular spot is located in Limon
Province in the Atlantic seaboard. Importance: It's
main attractions are it's off - white beaches studded with
thousands of coconut palms, its white - colored sea, and its
protective coral reef.
Location: It is located in Puntarenas Province, Pacific
seaboard, to the Southeast of the Osa Peninsula. Importance:
The park protects a large number of species at risk of
extinction, such as felines and crocodiles. It also shelters
some species of birds, which are endemic or have restricted
Location: Located in the Talamanca mountain range, straddling the provinces of Limon. Cartago and San
Jose. Importance: This is the tallest mountain
in Costa Rica, with an altitude of 3,819 m. It proudly displays
small valleys of glacial origin that were carved by the action
and movement of ice masses some 25,000 to 30,000 years ago.
The vegetation of the paramo can be appreciated.
Location: The province of Guanacaste, 36 Km. North
of the city of Liberia. Importance: Its forests showcase
a great ecological diversity: very humid - tropical, cloud
and tropical dry forests are found within its confines.
Castro Blanco National Park
Location: Located in Alajuela province, East of Ciudad
Quesada. Importance: 50% of the area is covered with
mixed primary forests, with some patches of regenerative forest.
The vegetation is extraordinarily varied. It is important
because of the role it plays in the conservation of the forest, in soil maintenance and the conservation of the springs that
later become the rivers that irrigate the San Carlos plains.
Antonio National Park|
Location: It is located 7 Km. South of the city of
Quepos, on the Pacific seaboard of the province of Puntarenas.
Importance: Its white - sand beaches, such as Espadilla, South of Manuel Antonio, are its main attraction. It includes
12 islands mostly bare of any vegetation and located a short
distance of the coast.
National Marine Park
Location: It is located in the Osa County, Puntarenas
province, on the Pacific seaboard, between Punta Uvita and
Punta Piñuela. Importance: This park protects
sandy and pebbly beaches, cliffs, islands, rocky reefs, the
Punta Uvita "tombolo" and coral reef, which
represent a most important habitat for the reproduction of
marine life and the maintenance of its diversity.
Baulas National Marine Park
Location: Located in Playa Grande in Puntarenas province, 35 Km. from the Belen crossing. Importance: This
small reserve was created to protect the turtle nesting beach
of Playa Grande. Every year, thousands of leatherback sea
- turtles, the planet's largest reptile, crawl onto at night
and bury their eggs in its warm sand. There is also an extensive
mangrove swamp, which is an excellent area to see birds.
Verde National Park
Location: Located in Guanacaste province, between the
Bebedero and the Tempisque Rivers. Importance: This
national park is made up of a mosaic of diverse flood - plains
habitats. Rivers and a row of calcareous hills board it. Palo
Verde's natural hydrologic system provides the most adequate
conditions for the area to harbor the most important concentration
of aquatic birds and waders in the country and in the whole
of Central America.
de la Vieja National Park |
Location: One of the volcanoes on the Guanacaste mountain
range, straddling the provinces of Guanacaste and Alajuela.
Importance: It is probably the largest area where the
Guaria Morada, the orchid which is Costa Rica's national flower, can still be found in the wild.
Rosa National Park
Location: Located 36 Km. North of the city of Liberia, the capital of the province of Guanacaste. Importance:
The old house and the stone corrals served, on the 20th of
March of the year 1856, as the setting for the Battle of Santa
Rosa, the greatest military episode in this peace - loving
Location: Located in the Province of Cartago, Orosi
district. Importance: It encompasses two habitats:
A low mountain rain forest and a pre - mountainous rain forest.
Location: It is located in the Atlantic seaboard of
Limon province, 84 Km. Northeast of the city of Limon.
Importance: The Green turtle's most important spawning
area in the whole West Caribbean. Among the vegetation, the
"yolillo" palm and the "kativo" tree are
the most common and can often be seen by the side of both
the natural and the artificial canals.
Irazu National Park |
Location: It is located 31 Km. Northeast of the city
of Cartago. Importance: This active volcano, with a
long history of dramatic eruptions and eruptive cycles, is
easily reached from the city of San Jose.
Poas National Park|
Location: It is located 37 Km. North of Alajuela, on
the Central Volcanic range, on the Alajuela - San Pedro de
Amistad International Park
Location: On the Talamanca mountain range. It is considered
the most extensive untouched tropical - forest - covered mountain
system in the whole country. Importance: It is one
of the parks that comprises the area of greatest biodiversity
in Costa Rica, and it is the largest virgin forest in the
country, where an extraordinary large number of habitats coexist:
ferns and mixed forests, product of the differences in altitude, soil, climate and topography.
del Coco National Park
Location: Pacific Ocean, 548 Km. of Nicoya's Cabo Blanco
in the province of Guanacaste. Its point closest to the continent
can be found is 5°3'34" North Latitude and 87°18'6"
West Longitude. Importance: Isla del Coco Patrimony
of mankind and National Park, its importance transcends the
national boundaries to become an international legacy. Its
greatest pride are the marine resources. 235 species of plants
have been identified in the island, 70 of which are endemic;
57 crustaceans, 118 marine mollusks, 200 fish, 351 insects
and 18 coral species.
Blancas National Park
Location: the Esquinas forest is in southern Costa
Rica. Importance: is one of the last unprotected lowland
tropical rainforests on the Pacific coast of Central America, was declared a national park by presidential decree.
Location: It is located on the Pacific coast, along
the shores of the Grande de Tarcoles River, Southeast
of the city of Orotina, Puntarenas province. Importance:
Carara displays a high diversity of plants, predominantly
evergreens. It has several ecosystems, such as: swamps, a
lagoon, a gallery forest, secondary and primary forests.
Island, Negritos Islands and Pajaros Island Biological
Location: Guayabo Island is located some 8 Km. South
of Puntarenas. There are two Negritos Islands, one East of
the other one and are separated by the Montague Canal.
They are located at only 500 m. of the Gulf's East coast, about 13 Km. Northeast of Puntarenas. Importance: They
were established as biological reserves in order to preserve
plentiful populations of marine birds, its flora and fauna
and to guarantee that so much natural beauty could be permanently
Cerere Biological Reserve
Location: It is located in the foothills of the Talamanca
mountain range, Southeast of the Estrella Valley, 45 Km. from
Limon. Importance: t he area is crisscrossed
by an infinite number of very pebbly rivers decorated with
rapids and cascades, some of which are tens of meters high.
Island Biological Reserve
Location: It is located in the Pacific Ocean in front
of Corcovado National Park, 15 Km. out to sea from the San
Pedrillo post. Importance: It is archeologically most
significant, because it was used as a pre - Columbian cemetery.
The area's most important attraction is its marine resources.
The ecosystems forested by the reefs provide the organic platforms
for the maintenance of a great diversity of marine organisms, such as reef - dwelling fish, mollusks crustaceans and echinoderms
Barbudal Biological Reserve
Location: It is located 15 Km. Southeast of Bagaces, in Guanacaste province. Importance: This spectacularly
beautiful reserve is washed by permanent rivers and a great
number of springs.
Blanco Absolute National Reserve
Location: It is located in the province of Puntarenas, in the Southeastern tip of the Nicoya Peninsula. Importance:
It provides a refuge for marine birds and it offers one of
the most beautiful scenery in the Pacific coast.
Location: It is located in the northern plains. Importance:
The Monteverde area in Costa Rica is world famous for its
cloud forest. There are now two reserves, the original Monteverde
Cloud Forest Reserve and the new Santa Elena Rain Forest.
In these forests you can enjoy the cloud forest climate and
hike the trails amongst the varieties of plants and magnificent
epiphytic laden trees, there have been over 450 bird species
seen in the Monteverde area. The native birds are joined at
certain time of the year by those which migrate through from
North America. The resplendent quetzals with their long tails
feed at various locations in the area and one can at times
hear the "bong" of the bell birds. These areas sit astride
the continental divide at an altitude a bit above 5000 feet.
They protect and provide habitat for hundreds of species of
plants and animals.
de Oro Protected Area |
Location: Puntarenas province. The reserve is located
on the Southern watershed of the Tilaran mountain range, Northeast of the city of Esparza. Importance: Peñas
Blancas, part of the Aguacate Mountain Group, is an area of
very rugged terrain made up of volcanic rocks.
del Colorado National Wildlife Refuge
Location: It is located on the border between la Barra
del Colorado and the Caribbean coast in the province of Limon.
Importance: It is made up of a swampy area almost totally
devoid of ligneous vegetation, with marginal soils not apt
for agriculture or cattle ranching. Nonetheless, it posses
a very high tourist potential.
Manzanillo National Wildlife Refuge |
Location: This refuge is located in Talamanca. County
on the Caribbean coast of the province of Limon. Importance:
It protects the wildlife, particularly those species threatened
with extinction or with very reduced populations. It protects
the only natural large mangrove oyster bank in the coastal
National Wildlife Refuge
Location: It is located in the Western area of Rio
Claro, in the province of Puntarenas. Importance: Its
location on the lower Esquinas River basin favors the always
- green conditions of the forest, converting this into the
only area in the Costa Rican Pacific coast.
National Wildlife Refuge
Location: Santa Cruz County of Guanacaste province, in the 200 meter wide band of beach between Punta India and
the mouth of the Nosara River. It includes the village of
Ostional. Importance: It protects the area's wildlife, which includes the Lora and the Baula turtles, as well a large
variety of marine birds.
National Wildlife Refuge
Location: The refuge is located almost in front of
Tortuga Island and it occupies a portion of terrain which
is 200 m. wide measured horizontally from the high - tide
mark between Points Quesera and Curu. Importance:
This refuge has been established for the purpose of conserving
one of the last segments of forest with fauna that are left
in the Southeast of the Nicoya Peninsula.
Negro National Wildlife Refuge
Location: It is located in the Guatusos plains, in
the Northern part of the province of Alajuela. Importance:
It protects one of the most important humid areas in the territory, considered of international importance as its serves as refuge
for a large number of migratory bird species, species at risk
of extinction and commercially important species.
Blancas Wildlife Refuge
Location: is an area of very rugged terrain made up
of volcanic rocks from the Aguacate Group. Importance:
Most of the refuge is covered by forests that have been
altered to some extent, although the original forest mass
can still be found in the remoter areas and in the river canyons.
The vegetation in the lower areas, towards the south, consists
of tropical dry forest. Towards the north and upper areas
grows a promontane moist forest.